The blood pressure is calculated by adding the systolic and diastolic blood pressures. The top figure, systolic pressure, measures the pressure their heart puts on the walls of the arteries every time the heart beats. The bottom figure, diastolic pressure, measures the pressure the heart produces on the walls of the arteries between beats.
Thehigh blood pressure reading is classified into four groups, ranging from normal to stage two blood pressure. The blood pressure level dictates the type of treatment that is required. The doctor should average two or even more blood pressure measurements taken during office visits to obtain accurate systolic pressure.
These suggestions treat hypertension as a unique health issue. If they also have heart disease, diabetes, chronic renal disease, or other illnesses, their blood pressure may need to be treated more aggressively.
Blood pressure classifications –
Blood pressure readings of less than 120/80 mm Hg are considered the norm. If your findings fall into this group, keep heart-healthy practices like eating a well-balanced diet and exercising regularly.
Elevated blood pressure is defined as values that are regularly between 120 and 129 systolic and less than 80 mm Hg diastolic. People who have high blood pressure are more likely to acquire hypertension unless they regulate the condition.
Stage 1 hypertension
Stage 1 hypertension occurs when blood pressure varies between 130 and 139 mm Hg systolic or 80 and 89 mm Hg diastolic. At this stage of hypertension, doctors will likely recommend lifestyle adjustments and may consider adding prescribed medication based on their risk of atherosclerotic vascular disease (ASCVD), including a heart attack.
Stage 2 hypertension
Stage 2 hypertension occurs when the blood pressure continuously varies between 140/90 mm Hg and above. Doctors usually give a mix of blood pressure drugs and lifestyle adjustments at this stage of high blood pressure.
A hypertensive emergency
This stage of hypertension needs medical treatment. If their blood pressure suddenly rises above 180/120 mm Hg, wait 5 minutes before testing again. If your results remain abnormally high, call the doctor right away. You might be in the midst of a hypertensive crisis.
In general, systolic blood pressure is regarded as a substantial risk factor for cardiovascular disease in persons over 50. Systolic blood pressure rises advancing age in most persons due to higher stiffness of big arteries, long-term plaque deposition, and an increased prevalence of cardiovascular disease. According to current research, every 20 mm Hg systolic and 10 mm Hg diastolic increase in high blood pressure reading increases the chance of mortality from ischemic heart disease and stroke by a factor of two in adults aged 40 to 89.